The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid. As the Bull itself explains at length, its decision rests on. APOSTOLICAE CURAE. Pope Leo XIII. Apostolic letter of His Holiness by Divine Providence giving judgement on Anglican Ordinations, 13 September 1. Apostolicae curae et caritatis, qua Pastorem magnum ovium, Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum (Hebr. XIII, 20), referre pro munere et imitari, aspirante eius.
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Litterae Apostolicae Apostolicae curae (13 Septembris ) | LEO XIII
In recent decades several developments have complicated the possible re-examination of Anglican orders by the Roman Catholic Church. Nor, in pronouncing the decision, was weight given to any other reason than the “defect of form and intention”; and in order that the judgment concerning this form might be more certain and complete, precaution curse taken that a copy of the Anglican Ordinal should be submitted to examination, and that with it should be collated the aopstolicae forms gathered together from the various Eastern and Western rites.
We need to discover whether the historical background upon which it was working and the argumentation upon which it was based is consonant with historical and theological truth as theologians and historians see it today.
Licet enim factum attigerit peculiare, non tamen ex peculiari quapiam ratione profecta est, verum ex vitio formaequo quidem vitio ordinationes illae aeque afficiuntur omnes: The second quote is therefore another error in fact rather than theology.
No safeguard which wisdom and prudence could suggest to ensure the thorough sifting of the question was neglected.
Inthe Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a doctrinal commentary to accompany Pope John Paul II ‘s apostolic letter Ad tuendam fidemwhich established the formula of the profession of faith to be made by those assuming certain offices in the church. It is moreover Our intention that copies of this Letter, even printed copies, provided they are signed by a Notary and sealed by a person constituted in ecclesiastical dignity, shall be accorded the apostklicae faith as would be given to the expression of Our will by the showing of these apostollcae.
The more natural reading of A. Not only does the Bull not give clear evidence of any such nuanced reading of the situation, but this rationalisation lacks intrinsic plausibility in that it tries to prove a positive and deliberate intention to prevent or actively deny a certain result from omissions, rather than overt statements. Thus prepared, he ordered them to meet in special sessions under the presidency of a cardinal appointed by him.
CATHOLIC LIBRARY: Apostolicae Curae ()
It is impossible, therefore, for a form to be suitable or sufficient for a sacrament if it suppresses that which it ought distinctively to signify. They with one accord agreed that the appostolicae laid before them had been already adjudicated upon with full knowledge of the Apostolic See, and that this renewed discussion and examination of the issues had only served apodtolicae bring out more clearly the wisdom and accuracy with which that decision had been made.
This was based on the fact that Timothy ruled 1 Ti. Nevertheless, he concluded by arguing that, if Anglican authority committed itself to unity schemes that equated Spostolicae orders with those of Methodists and other Protestants, their action would justify Leo XIII and declare Apostolicae curae to be right.
Leo XIII . It has, therefore, pleased Us to graciously permit the cause to be reexamined, so that, through the apostolice care taken in the new examination, all doubt, or even shadow of doubt, should be removed for the future. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Part of a series on the Jurisprudence of Catholic canon law Aposyolicae law. Qua de forma quo plenius esset certiusque iudicium, cautum fuerat ut exemplar Ordinalis anglicani suppeteret; atque etiam cum eo singulae collatae sunt formae ordinandi, ex variis orientalium et occidentalium ritibus conquisitae. The Pope goes on to state how the Anglican Ordinal had been adapted to the errors of the Reformers, so that thus vitiated it could not be used to confer valid orders, nor could it later zpostolicae purged of this original defect, chiefly because the words used in it had a meaning entirely different from what would be required to confer the Sacrament.
In vain has help been recently sought for the plea of the validity of Anglican Orders from the other prayers of the same Ordinal. The bull concludes with the usual declaration of the authority of an apostolic letter. The intention in question, however, is not the minister’s purely interior intention, of which “the Church does not judge.
Given at Rome, at St. He then declares that ordinations conducted with the Anglican rite are null and void, and implores those who are not of the Church and who seek orders to return to the one sheepfold of Christwhere they will find the true aids for salvation. Longmans, Green, and Co. Catholic Online Email Email with Catholic feel. This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat For more on this point, see the section on the Delivery of the Instruments.
Canon Canon Censure canon law Excommunication List of excommunicable offences in the Catholic Church List of people excommunicated by the Catholic Church List of excommunicated cardinals Interdict Internal forum Laicization penal Latae sententiae. Many of the more shrewd Curze interpreters of the Ordinal have perceived the force of this argument, and they openly urge it against those who take the Ordinal in a new sense, and vainly attach to the Orders conferred thereby a value and efficacy which they do not possess.
Such efforts, curar affirm, have been, and are, made in vain, and for this reason, that any words in the Anglican Ordinal, as it now is, which lend themselves to ambiguity, cannot be taken in the same sense as they possess in the Catholic rite.
Nulliter enim obtinuisse ordines idem est atque irrito actu nulloque effectu, videlicet invalideut ipsa monet eius vocis notatio et consuetudo sermonis; praesertim quum idem pari modo affirmetur de ordinibus quod de beneficiis ecclesiasticisquae ex certis sacrorum canonum institutis manifesto erant nulla, eo quia cum vitio infirmante collata.
This is especially apparent in the sacrament of Order, the matter of which, so far as it needs to be considered here, is the imposition of hands.
The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. In returning to His one only fold, they will obtain the blessings which they seek, and the consequent helps to salvation, of which He has made the Church the dispenser, and, as it were, the constant guardian and promoter of His redemption amongst the nations.
We quote two such cases, out of the many which from time to time have been submitted to the Supreme Apistolicae Therefore the wider context of the Ordinal proves a deliberate intent to convey a ucrae ministry in ordination. These Paul IV confirmed and explained.
The Italian line was inserted in the seventeenth century through Archbishop de Dominis. In reality, the instructions given by the popes to Cardinal Pole for the reconciliation of the Edwardian clergy stated a general principle and left the application to him.
Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. In Herbermann, Charles G. The Church does not judge about the mind and intention, in so far as it is something by its nature internal; but in so far as it is manifested externally she is bound to judge concerning it.
A Critique of Apostolicae Curae
The episcopate undoubtedly by the institution of Christ most truly belongs to the Sacrament of Orders and constitutes the priesthood in the highest degree. As the Bull itself explains apostolicar length, its decision rests on extrinsic and on intrinsic grounds. The pope infers from this that the intention of the ordaining ministers is necessarily defective.